Your pediatrician at Somerset Pediatric Group is concerned with many topics during your child’s well visit. In addition to vaccination and disease prevention, we assess growth and development. One way to assess weight is to calculate your child’s BMI.
What is BMI?
BMI (Body Mass Index) is a calculated way to assess weight and allow predictions of obesity. In children ages 2-20, the BMI is age and gender adjusted because of their bodies change with development.
At risk for overweight
BMI for age less than 5th percentile
BMI for age 5- 85th percentile
BMI for age 85-95th percentile
BMI for age > 95th percentile
Why is assessing weight important?
Currently 1 in 5 children is overweight. Three out of four obese children at age 12 will be obese as an adult. Obese children are at risk for Type 2 Diabetes.
This increases their risk for heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, orthopedic problems, asthma, sleep apnea, diabetes, high cholesterol, and early sexual development in girls.
Additionally, overweight children are often teased, have low self-esteems and higher rates of depression.
Risks for obesity
Genetics plays a role in childhood obesity. However, more importantly, it is the combination of eating too much and moving too little. Fried, high calorie foods and watching a lot of television and video games are a major culprit.
Obesity develops over time and change is a slow steady process.
The goal is not dieting but developing lifelong habits of healthy eating and physical activity. Parents are role models.
If parents choose healthy snacks and an active lifestyle, children will form similar habits. How to help
- Be supportive. Older children know they are overweight. They need acceptance, encouragement and love.
- Limit television, computers and video games.
- Plan active family activities-hiking, biking, washing the car
- Eat family meals and enjoy the conversation as well as the food.
- Don’t use food as rewards. (i.e. finish your dinner and you can have dessert.)
- Keep healthy snacks-fruits, vegetables, low fat cheese, yogurt, frozen fruit bars, graham crackers.
- Avoid super sizing meals. Avoid frying foods. Encourage a variety of food choices including a lot of fruits and vegetables.
- Minimize juices and sodas. Water is best to quench thirst.
- Children older than 3, should drink skim or low fat milk.
- Praise your child for healthy food choices and physical activity, criticism and punishment don’t work. Focus on feeling stronger and having fun not on weight loss/gain.
- Teach your child ways to deal with stress other than turning to food for comfort.
- The Academy of Pediatrics and Somerset Pediatrics recommend limiting of television, video games and computers to a maximum of 2 hours a day.
If you have concerns, you can always contact your doctor at Somerset Pediatric Group